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SASTM Newsflash - Cholera update

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SASTM Newsflash

 

CHOLERA UPDATE - NIGERIA

 

Cholera - Nigeria

 

The outbreak of cholera is growing and expanding in the West African country of Nigeria, as the bacterial disease is being reported in higher numbers from more states. According to the Nigerian news source The Guardian, statistics from the Ministry of Health on Thursday [31 Oct 2013] indicated that 1623 cases had been recorded, while 86 deaths had been reported.

 

The breakdown of cases is as follows: Zamfara State has the highest figure of 1110 cases and 51 deaths, while Plateau State has 130 cases and 11 deaths. Others are Lagos State (134 cases, 4 deaths), Ogun State (115 cases, 5 deaths), Nasarawa State (105 cases, 9 deaths) and Oyo State (29 cases, 6 deaths).

 

"The outbreak in the states mentioned earlier has been confirmed by our laboratories to be caused by _Vibrio cholerae_ serotypes 01 and 0139. The affected states are being supported to respond to the outbreak by supplying them with emergency drugs, diagnostic kits and other commodities," Special Assistant on Media and Communications, Mr. Dan Nwomeh said.

 

The infection is often mild or without symptoms but can sometimes be severe. Approximately one in 20 (5 percent) infected persons will have severe disease characterized by profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In these people, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours.

 

Communicated by: ProMED-mail

 


 

South African Society of Travel Medicine (SASTM)

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The information provided in SASTM Newsflashes is collected from various news sources, health agencies and government agencies. Although the information is believed to be accurate, any express or implied warranty as to its suitability for any purpose is categorically disclaimed. In particular, this information should not be construed to serve as medical advice for any individual. The health information provided is general in nature, and may not be appropriate for all persons. Medical advice may vary because of individual differences in such factors as health risks, current medical conditions and treatment, allergies, pregnancy and breast feeding, etc. In addition, global health risks are constantly evolving and changing. International travelers should consult a qualified physician for medical advice prior to departure.

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