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SASTM Newsflash - Dengue update 2013 - Asia, Pacific


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More than 70 000 people were infected with dengue fever last year [2012] and the spread of the tropical disease will possibly be more serious this year [2013], according to the Public Health Ministry.


Public health minister Pradit Sintavanarong said dengue normally spreads in the rainy season but Thailand has seen rising numbers of dengue infection during other seasons.


According to a report by the Disease Control Department, 74 250 people were infected with the disease -- 79 fatally -- last year [2012], representing a proportion of 116 patients in 100 000 people.


The highest number of 30 562 patients was reported in the central region, with Bangkok having the most, at 9569 patients.


Provincial health offices nationwide have been instructed to control the spread of dengue fever from the beginning of this year [2013], without having to wait until the rainy season, the minister said.


Narong Sahamethapat, permanent secretary for public health, said dengue fever mainly infected children in the last decade but last year's [2012] statistics found more than half -- 52.44 per cent -- of patients were older than 15 years.


The Public Health Ministry will closely monitor the spread of dengue fever and other contagious diseases throughout the country this year [2013], he said. More training will be given to village health volunteers so that they educate people on prevention of the disease, he said.


Communicated by: Promed Mail


[According to the Thai Ministry of Public Health, Bureau of Vector-borne Disease report on the situation of dengue infection in Thailand [ending 16 Jan 2013], a total of 971 cases and no deaths were reported. The attack rate was 1.52 per 100 000 population. The numbers of dengue cases have risen by 11.5 times, compared with the same period in 2011; 84 cases and 2 deaths, with a case fatality rate (CFR) of 2.38 percent for the same period in 2012.


In 2012, a total of 78 075 cases and 81 deaths were reported nationwide. The attack rate was 122.22 per 100 000 population, with a CFR of 0.10 percent. Of these, a total of 10 320 cases and 9 deaths were reported in Bangkok. The attack rate was 181.01 per 100 000 population, with a CFR of 0.09 percent.


According to the Thai Ministry of Public Health, Bureau of Epidemiology's (BOE) report of dengue infection in Thailand between 1 Jan 2013 and 14 Jan 2013,  the 5 provinces with the highest attack rates of dengue infection (per 100 000 population) were Songkhla (11.01), Phatthalung (10.63), Krabi (9.38), Surat Thani (5.93), and Nakhon Si Thammarat (4.55). The highest attack rate (per 100 000 population) was reported in the south region (4.87), followed by the central region (1.66), the north region (1.18), and the northeastern region (0.73).The highest percentage of cases was reported in the 15-24 year old age group (26.23 percent), followed by the 10-14 year old age group (20.57 percent) and the 25-34 year old age group (10.94 percent).




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